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cpu半导体散热器效果怎么样?哪些cpu散热器是半导体散热

  GUANYUcpuSANREQIYIZHIYILAIDAJIADOUZAIZHENGLUN“DAODISHIFENGLENGHAOHAISHISHUILENGHAO?”,ERJINTIANWOMENYAOLAILIAOYILIAOGUANYUcpuBANDAOTISANREDEXIANGGUANZHISHI。

  QISHIWOMENXIANZAISHIYONGDESHUILENGSANREQI,QIBUFENYUANLIRENGJIUSHUYU“FENGLENG”DEFANCHOU,BUGUOSHISANREQIDEDAOREJIEZHIYOUREGUANDE“ZHENGFA-NINGJIE”ZIDONGXUNHUANYUANLI,TIHUANWEIYIKAOYOUSHUIBENGDIANJIZHUDONGXUNHUANDAIDONGDEYETICHUANDAO,ZUIZHONGSUOYOUDERELIANGHAISHITONGGUOFENGSHANDEZHUANDONG,XINGCHENGQIANGZHIDUILIU,JIANGQIPIAN(FENGLENG)HUOLENGPAI(SHUILENG)DERELIANGCHUANDIDAOHUANJINGZHONGBANGZHUXINPIANJIANGWEN。YINCI,FENGLENGYUSHUILENGSANREQIDOUSHUYU“BEIDONG”DESANREDEXINGSHI,YINWEIXINPIANDEGAOWENYUHUANJINGDEDIWENSUOCHANSHENGDEWENCHAFANWEI,JUEDINGLECHUANTONGSANREQIZUOWEI"RELIANGDEBANYUNGONG",ZUIDUOZHINENGJIANGXINPIANDEWENDUJIANGDIZHIJIEJINHUANJINGWENDU。

  ERBANDAOTISANREQIQUESHISHIDASHIDEZHUDONGSANRE,NEIMEWEISHENMEDAOMUQIANWEIZHIcpuBANDAOTISANREHAIMEIYOUBEIPUJINI?SHISANREXIAOGUOBUHAOHAISHIYOUBIEDEYUANYIN?XIAMIANJIURANGWOMENYIQILAISHENRULEJIEYIXIABANDAOTISANREDEXIANGGUANZHISHIBA。

  YI、ZAICIZHIQIANWOMENYAOXIANLEJIELIANGGEGAINIAN:BANDAOTIZHILENGHEBANDAOTIZHILENGPIAN

  1、SHENMESHIBANDAOTIZHILENG?

  YAOLEJIEBANDAOTIZHILENGZHEIYIJUTIDAOZHONGDUANDEJISHUYINGYONG,WOMENXUYAOXIANLEJIEDEYIGEYOUGUANDIANYUREDEJICHUYUANLI:REDIANXIAOYING( Thermoelectric effect)。

  REDIANXIAOYINGSHIYIGEYOUWENCHACHANSHENGDIANYADEZHIJIEZHUANHUAN,QIEFANZHIYIRAN。JIANDANDEFANGZHIYIGEREDIANZHUANGZHI,DANGTAMENDELIANGDUANYOUWENCHASHIHUICHANSHENGYIGEDIANYA,ERDANGYIGEDIANYASHIJIAYUQISHANG,TAYEHUICHANSHENGYIGEWENCHA。ZHEIGEXIAOYINGKEYIYONGLAICHANSHENGDIANNENG、CELIANGWENDU,LENGQUEHUOJIAREWUTI。YINWEIZHEIGEJIAREHUOZHILENGDEFANGXIANGJUEDINGYUSHIJIADEDIANYA,REDIANZHUANGZHIRANGWENDUKONGZHIBIANDEFEICHANGDERONGYI。

  REDIANXIAOYINGBINGFEISHIYIGEDULICUNZAIDESHUYU,ZHEIGELILUNBAOHANLESANGEFENBIEJINGDINGYIGUODEXIAOYING,FENBIESHI:SAIBEIKEXIAOYING(Seebeck effect,1821NIAN),PAERTIEXIAOYING(Peltier effect,1834NIAN)YUTANGMUSENXIAOYING(Thomson effect,1854NIAN)

  SAIBEIKEXIAOYING(Seebeck effect)

  1821NIANDEGUORENSAIBEIKEFAXIANDANGLIANGZHONGBUTONGDEDAOTIXIANGLIANJIESHI,RULIANGGELIANJIEDIANBAOCHIBUTONGDEWENCHA,ZEZAIDAOTIZHONGCHANSHENGYIGEWENCHADIANDONGSHI:

  ES=S.△T

  SHIZHONG:ESWEIWENCHADIANDONGSHI,SWEIWENCHADIANDONGSHILV(SAIBEIKEXISHU),△TWEIJIEDIANZHIJIANDEWENCHA

  PAERTIEXIAOYING(Peltier effect)

  1834NIANFAGUORENPOERTIEFAXIANLEYUSAIBEIKEXIAOYINGDEXIANGFANXIAOYING,JIDANGDIANLIULIUJINGLIANGGEBUTONGDAOTIXINGCHENGDEJIEDIANSHI,JIEDIANCHUHUICHANSHENGFANGREHEXIREXIANXIANG,FANGREHUOXIREDAXIAOYOUDIANLIUDEDAXIAOLAIJUEDING。

  Qл=л.Iл=aTc

  SHIZHONG:QπWEIFANGREHUOXIREGONGLV πWEIBILIXISHU,CHENGWEIPOERTIEXISHU,IWEIGONGZUODIANLIU,aWEIWENCHADIANDONGSHILV,TcWEILENGJIEDIANWENDU

  TANGMUSENXIAOYING(Thomson effect)

  YINGGUOWULIXUEJIAWEILIAN·TANGMUSENYU1854NIANFAXIAN,DANGDIANLIULIUJINGCUNZAIWENDUTIDUDEDAOTISHI,CHULEYOUDAOTIDIANZUCHANSHENGDEJIAOERREZHIWAI,DAOTIHAIYAOFANGCHUHUOXISHOURELIANG,ZAIWENCHAWEI△TDEDAOTILIANGDIANZHIJIAN,QIFANGRELIANGHUOXIRELIANGWEI:

  Qτ=τ.I.△T

  SHIZHONG:QτWEIFANGREHUOXIREGONGLV,τWEITANGMUXUNXISHU,IWEIGONGZUODIANLIU,△TWEIWENDUTIDU

  SHENMESHIBANDAOTIZHILENG?TONGSUDEJIANGJIUSHI,DIYI,RELIANGNENGGOUCHANSHENGDIAN;DIER,DIANYENENGRANGDAOTICHANSHENGWENCHA;DISAN,DIANLIUZAIWENCHABUJUNYUNDAOTIZHONGLIUGUOSHI,HAIHUIXISHOUBINGSHIFANGYIDINGDERELIANG,XINGCHENGGAOWENFANGREYUDIWENXIREDEZHUANGTAI。NEIMEWOMENTONGGUODUIDAOTICHENGFENDEBIANHUAYIJIDUIDIANLIUDEKONGZHI,BIANNENGGOUXINGCHENGGEZHONGKEKONGDEJUTIYINGYONG,BIRURENENG(WENCHA)FADIAN:KEYUNYONGYUJUNSHI,HANGTIAN,MINYONGNENGYUANDENGGEZHONGLINGYU;REDIAN(WENCHADIAN)ZHILENG:YUWENCHAFADIANXIANGFAN,JIANGDIANNENGZHUANHUAWEIRENENG,ZHIZAOCHUWENCHADIANZHILENGJI,YOUYUZHEIZHONGLEIXINGDEZHINENGZHUANGZHIWUXUYASUOJI,YEWUXUFULIANGDENGZHILENGJI,ERQIEJUYOUJIEGOUJIANDAN、TIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、ZUOYONGSUDUKUAI、KEKAOXINGGAO、SHOUMINGZHANG、WUZAOSHENGDENGYOUDIAN。CIWAI,REDIANLENGQUEBUXUYAOXIANGJIXIEZHILENGNEIYANGBUDUANTIANCHONGHUAXUEXIAOHAOPIN,MEIYOUHUODONGBUJIAN,YEJIUMEIYOUMOSUN,WEIHUCHENGBENHENDI,TONGYANGSHIYONGYUJUNSHI,HANGTIAN,GONGYEJIMINYONGZHILENGXUQIU。WOMENJINTIANZHONGDIANYAOLIAODE“BANDAOTIZHILENGPIAN”,BIANSHIREDIANXIAOYINGZAIZHILENGYINGYONGZHONGDEYIZHONGJUTIZHUANGZHIXINGSHI。

  2、SHENMESHIBANDAOTIZHILENGPIAN?

  GANGCAIJIANGDAODEPAERTIEXIAOYING(Peltier effect)ZIFAXIAN100DUONIANLAIBINGWEIHUODESHIJIYINGYONG,YINWEIJINSHUBANDAOTIDEPOERTIEXIAOYINGHENRUO,WUFAYINGYONGYUSHIJI。ZHIDAOSHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI,YUANSULIANKEXUEJIAYUEFEIDEYANJIUBIAOMING,YIDIHUABIWEIJIDEHUAHEWUSHIZUIHAODEREDIANBANDAOTICAILIAO,CONGERCHUXIANLESHIYONGDEBANDAOTIDIANZIZHILENGYUANJIAN:REDIANZHILENGQI(ThermoElectric Cooling,JIANCHENGTEC)。

  YUCHUANTONGDEFENGLENGHESHUILENGXIANGBI,BANDAOTIZHILENGPIANJUYOUYIXIAYOUSHI:1. KEYIBAWENDUJIANGZHISHIWENYIXIA;2. JINGQUEWENKONG(SHIYONGBIHUANWENKONGDIANLU,JINGDUKEDA±0.1℃);3. GAOKEKAOXING(ZHILENGZUJIANWEIGUTIQIJIAN,WUYUNDONGBUJIAN,SHOUMINGCHAOGUO20WANXIAOSHI,SHIXIAOLVDI);4. MEIYOUGONGZUOZAOYIN。

  ZAITECZHILENGPIANZHONG,BANDAOTITONGGUOJINSHUDAOLIUPIANLIANJIEGOUCHENGHUILU,DANGDIANLIUYOUNTONGGUOPSHI,DIANCHANGSHINZHONGDEDIANZIHEPZHONGDEKONGXUEFANXIANGLIUDONG,TAMENCHANSHENGDENENGLIANGLAIZIJINGGEDERENENG,YUSHIZAIDAOLIUPIANSHANGXIRE,ERZAILINGYIDUANFANGRE,CHANSHENGWENCHA。PAERTIEMOKUAIYECHENGZUOREBENG(heatpumps),TAJIKEYIYONGYUZHIRE,YEKEYIZHILENG。BANDAOTIZHILENGPIANJIUSHIYIGERECHUANDIGONGJU,ZHIYAOREDUAN(BEILENGQUEWUTI)DEWENDUGAOYUMOUWENDU,BANDAOTIZHILENGQIBIANKAISHIFAHUIZUOYONG,SHIDELENGRELIANGDUANDEWENDUZHUJIANJUNHENG,CONGERQIDAOZHILENGZUOYONG。NENGGOUYUNYONGYUPCSANREQIDEBANDAOTIZHILENGPIAN(TEC),BIANSHIZHEIYANGDEYUANLI。TECSANREPIANDEXIRE(LENG)DUANTIEJINFAREDECPU,JICPUJIANGWEN,TECLINGWAIYIMIANJINXINGFANGRE,QIJUBEIWUZAOSHENG、WUZHENDONG、BUXUZHILENGJI、TIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQINGDENGTEDIAN,QIEGONGZUOKEKAO,ZHILENGSUDUJIKUAI,YIYUJINXINGWENCHALENGLIANGKEKONGDIAOJIE。

  DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,ZHEIXIANGJISHUYIJINGSHIJIYINGYONGYUGONGYE,HANGTIAN,JUNSHILINGYUYIJINGJISHINIANLE。TINGQILAIHENSHIHEPCXINPIANZHEIZHONGGONGHAOBODONGJIAODADEFARETI,ERQIEBINGBUSHIXINDEJISHU,WEISHENMEYIQIANCHANGSHANGBINGMEIYOUSHENRUCHANGSHIJIANGTECZHILENGYINGYONGYUPCSANRELINGYUNI?

  WANGZHANMIANZESHENGMING:BENWANGZHANSUOTIGONGDEZIXUNXINXI,JINGONGCANKAOZHIYONG,BINGBUDAIBIAO和记娱乐app安卓版下载ZHISHIWANGDELICHANGHUOGUANDIAN。CHUYUWEIWANGYOUTIGONGGENGDUOZIXUNWEIMUDE,和记娱乐app安卓版下载ZHISHIWANGSUOFABUDEBUFENWENZHANGNEIRONGJITUPIANLAIZIYUWANGLUO,WENZHANGJITUPIANNEIRONGRUOSHEJIDAOBANQUANZHUZUOQUANDENGWENTIQINGJISHIYUBENZHANQUDELIANXI,BENZHANHUIZAIDIYISHIJIANJISHISHANCHU,SUOCHANSHENGDEWENTIYU和记娱乐app安卓版下载ZHISHIWANGWUGUAN,和记娱乐app安卓版下载ZHISHIWANGZHANJUNBUCHENGDANRENHEZEREN。LIANXIFANGSHI:QQWEIXINTONGHAO2361707007。

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